Cognitive Styles

Cognitive Styles is a noteworthy subject for both the Theory of Balanceology and the Balancetherapy Treatment Model. I indicate that thinking can be categorized according to two cognitive styles that involve the possibility of bringing awareness (concrete thinking) and comprehension (critical thinking) to consciousness:  1.) concrete thinking is cause-and-effect thought, reactive thinking, stimulus-and-response thought (S-R), and early levels of awareness. Jean Piaget pointed out that concrete thinking starts to develop between the ages of seven to eleven. Concrete thinking is useful for learning associated with the senses, the rote, the habitual, memorization, and skill training. However, continuing with only concrete thinking beyond the ages of 7-11, learning becomes merely a shallow processing of awareness; a kind of cognitive indolence. Ouspensky said, “our thinking has acquired many bad habits, and one of them is thinking without purpose. Our thinking has become automatic.” (1971) Early imprinted habits lead to dogmatic thinking. It is anti-change. It can stand in the way of self-growth. Heidegger said, “calculation thinking sees nothing other than itself and therefore considers nothing other than oneself,” and 2.) critical thinking is a more reflective, concise, and skeptical process that involves questioning and allows for advanced levels of thought.  It includes  Jean Piaget’s formal operational thinking from late adolescence through adulthood. Critical thinking is the mystery of quantity (brain matter) advancing to higher levels of quality (mind).  It includes metacognition –—> thinking about thinking. I have critical thinking play a vital role in my paradigm because it is an element that can help satisfy our needs and help us self-evolve.  Critical thinking can bring conscious and unconscious input to ever advanced levels of awareness, comprehension, and useable knowledge  (review CACK Model).

critical thinking

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